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Twinkle twinkle little star is a short musical piece I composed and recorded last evening.

This piece consists of 56 measures. It is 1 minute 52 seconds long. The music is composed of four tracks. This is my second attempt at recording music with multiple tracks. The last such attempt was more than two years ago when I composed and recorded 'A few notes'.

The links to the audio files, sheet music, etc. are provided below. The files reside in my website. In case, my website is down, the YouTube link provided below should still work.

The four tracks in this piece are:

  1. Grand piano
  2. Slow strings
  3. Xenon pad
  4. Music box

This arrangement is based on the popular melody of the nursery rhyme called Twinkle, twinkle, little star. The melody is played with the treble notes of the piano. I wrote the bass notes for the piano and the strings, and the high notes for the pad and the music box to fill the music with emotions of love and happiness. I recorded this after about two hours of practice.

Random post

Let me share a very interesting C programming puzzle that I learnt from one of my colleagues.

Consider the following code-snippet written in the C programming language.

int i;
for (i = 0; i < 6; i--)
This code invokes undefined behaviour. The value in variable i decrements to INT_MIN after |INT_MIN| + 1 iterations. In the next iteration, there is a negative overflow which is undefined for signed integers in C. On many implementations though, INT_MIN − 1 would result in INT_MAX which is not less than 6 and thus the loop would terminate. With such implementations, this code would print |INT_MIN| + 1 dots. With 32-bit integers, that would be 2147483649 dots. However, it could also be optimized into an endless loop by the compiler if it wants to exploit the fact that a negative overflow for signed integers is undefined. gcc in fact does optimize that to an endless loop if you compile it with the -O3 option.

Now, here is the puzzle.

Add or modify exactly one operator in the following code such that it prints exactly 6 dots.

int i;
for (i = 0; i < 6; i--)

An obvious solution is:

int i;
for (i = 0; i < 6; i++)

There are at least 3 other solutions. I found one of them very interesting. I'll discuss the interesting solution tomorrow. Till then, feel free to try and post your solutions below as comments.

Update: The discussion on the solution is now available at: Solutions to 'Loopy C Puzzle'.